What is the wrong view and why it is a sin?
By Yalith Wasantha Manahara Wijesurendra
The ten sins according to Buddhism is,
3. Sexual Misconduct
5. Telling Tales
6. Harsh Speech
7. Frivolous talk
10.Holding Wrong Views
These are explained in detail in Salleyya Sutta.
The tenth sin or wrong view is explained in Salleyyaka Sutta as..
”He has wrong view, distorted Materialist vision, thus: ‘There is no result in generous giving, offering, and in self-sacrificing for goodness. No result in sinning, even though you kill your own mother. No fruit and ripening of good and bad kammas. There is no afterlife, mother is not special, father is not special, There are no spontaneously (born) divine or ghost beings, or unseen states of existence. There are no good and virtuous monks and Brahmans that have themselves realized by direct knowledge and explains about this world and the other worlds.”
There are amoralists who strongly take that view as a “Drushti” and promotes that wrong view. Because of that others too take that view,and the right path is obstructed for them. They eliminate the chance of others to realize the truth. Purna Kassapa and Ajita Kesakambali did that in the time of Lord Buddha.
According to the Samannaphala Sutta (DN 2) Ajita Kesakambali in his Ucchedavada (or the Doctrine of Annihilation after death) taught that:
There is neither fruit nor result of good or evil deeds . The so called meritorious dees such as alms, sacrifices or offering, does not bring good results or does not leads to happiness. Even though you kill your own mother, by stabbing at her heart, no karmic result of sorrow will arrive.
A human being is built up of four elements. When he dies the earthly in him returns and relapses to the earth, the fluid to the water, the heat to the fire, the wind to the air, and his faculties pass into space. The four bearers, on the bier as a fifth, take his dead body away; till they reach the burning ground, men utter forth eulogies, but there his bones are bleached, and his offerings end in ashes.
Karma is a doctrine of fools. When men say there is profit herein, it is an empty lie, mere idle talk,. Fools and wise alike, on the dissolution of the body, are cut off, annihilated, and after death they no longer exist.
It is reported that Purana Kassapa taught:
“…In sinning or encouraging others to sin, in mutilating or getting others to mutilate, in torturing or getting others to torture, in inflicting sorrow or in getting others to inflict sorrow, in tormenting or getting others to torment, in intimidating or getting others to intimidate, in taking life, taking what is not given, breaking into houses, plundering wealth, committing burglary, ambushing highways, committing adultery, speaking falsehood — one does not commit any sin.
If with a razor-edged disk one were to kill and turn all the living beings on this earth to a single heap of flesh, a single pile of flesh, there would be no evil from that cause, no coming of evil.
Even if one were to go along the right bank of the Ganges, killing and getting others to kill, mutilating and getting others to mutilate, torturing and getting others to torture, that would cause no sin neither that act will attract sorrow as a karma result.
Even if one were to go along the left bank of the Ganges, giving and getting others to give, making sacrifices and getting others to make sacrifices, there would be no merit from that cause, no coming of merit. Through generosity, self-control, restraint, and truthful speech there is no merit from that cause, no coming of merit.”
But Mere thinking that materialism and amoralism is correct constitute no “Drushti” so no sin is commited.
There are amoralists who strongly take that Materialist view as a “Drushti” and promotes that wrong view. Because of that others too take that view, and the right path is obstructed for them. They eliminate the chance of others to realize the truth. Purna Kassapa and Ajita Kesakambali did that in the time of Lord Buddha.
It’s natural for those who take such view to sin hard. Enjoy in sinning.
Because of the spreading of the wrong idea, encouraging sinning and as the foundational view for sinning, it is considered a major sin.